This is a list of projects that are currently in progress and at various stages of development. If you are have questions or would like more information, please feel free to contact me.
Work in Progress
United We Stand: Latino Representation in Congress
My book project examines the representation of Latinos to explore variation in behavior of Latinos and non-Latinos legislators in the 107th-111th Congresses of the U.S. House of Representatives. I adopt a broad interpretation of representation to examine a wide range of legislative activity, such as votes, committee actions, bill introductions and co-sponsorships, speaking on the floor, and relations with constituents. The books aims to demonstrate that Latinos need Latino representatives to have their interests served and that analyzing activity beyond roll call votes provides a more thorough examination of the multitude of ways Latino representatives behave differently than their non-Latino counterparts.
Time, Space, and Activism: The Impact of Protests on Latina/o Identities, Political Attitudes and Participation with Chris Zepeda-Millán
This book project builds on our work on the effects of the immigrants right movement on Latino political attitudes and identities. Utilizing GIS and our protest dataset in conjunction with the LNS we examine the effects the protests in terms of time and space. We also conduct a content analysis of the media coverage on the marches at both the local and national levels to examine variation in coverage and framing. The project also includes the use of interview data with activists as well as case studies on the micro effects of protests on certain cities. Data collection for the project is complete.
Sanctuary Cities: Exploring Public Attitudes towards Enforcement Collaboration between Local Police and Federal Immigration Authorities with Jason Casellas (Revise and Resubmit)
In recent years, local law enforcement has dramatically increased its level of cooperation with federal immigration enforcement agencies. Scholars have demonstrated significant variation in how much or how little different localities collaborate with ICE. Some localities have established close relationships, while others have declared themselves sanctuary cities and refused to cooperate. The literature on Sanctuary cities has explored the ways in which Sanctuary cities may differ from other localities in terms of crime rates and other factors, public attitudes towards local law enforcement’s collaboration with federal immigration authorities remains understudied. In this paper, we examine the factors that lead individuals to support or oppose local law enforcement reporting undocumented immigrants in their custody to federal immigration enforcement agencies. To do so, we utilize original data that we fielded on the CCES (Cooperative Congressional Election Survey) in 2016. We find that anti-immigrant attitudes, Republican party identification, and salience of immigration all impact support for this type of collaboration. Respondents with higher education levels, are foreign-born, and recognize racial advantages that whites have are all less likely to support this type of collaboration. Contrary to some previous research on immigration attitudes, we find that demographics and economic threat do not influence support. Our findings have important implications for understanding public attitudes towards immigration enforcement and the role of local police.
An Experimental Approach to Examining Public Attitudes Towards the DREAM Act with Geoff Wallace (under review)
This paper examines public support for immigration policies that include a path to citizenship utilizing a survey experiment. We examine variation in support depending on whether immigrants were brought to the U.S. as a child, enrolled in college, or served in the military. We find that support for a broad immigration proposal that includes a path to citizenship gain the most support when a military provision is included. The inclusion of military service significantly bolsters public support even when unpopular provisions are also included in the legislation.
Do Latinos Still Support Immigrant Rights Activism? Examining Latino Attitudes a Decade After the 2006 Protest Wave with Chris Zepeda-Millán (under review)
The historic and primarily Latino 2006 immigrant rights protest wave occurred in response to proposed federal anti-immigrant legislation (H.R. 4437). Research on the unprecedented series of demonstrations suggests that the draconian and racialized nature of the bill helps explain why it incited large-scale collective action. Utilizing a new survey with a considerable oversample of Latino respondents, the 2016 Collaborative Multiracial Post-Election Survey (CMPS), this paper investigates contemporary Latino support for immigrant rights activism. We examine several factors that influence support such as linked fate, knowing undocumented people, perceptions of anti-immigrant sentiments, concerns about immigration enforcement policies, political party identification, and past participation in protests. The results of our analysis indicate that some of the same factors that influenced Latino engagement in the 2006 mobilizations, such as identity, threat, concerns over enforcement, and racialization, continue to impact Latino support for contentious politics on behalf of the foreign-born. We also find evidence that political party, past protest activity, and the composition of one’s social network also play a significant role in explaining levels of support for activism. Our results have important implications for understanding how anti-immigrant policies and racialized nativism influence Latino support for contentious politics.
The Role of Contentious Politics in Shaping the behavior of Legislators on Immigration Policy with Chris Zepeda-Millán
The 2006 marches occurred in response to federal legislation, H.R. 4437, commonly known as the Sensenbrenner Bill. In this paper we combine our original 2006 Immigrant Rights Protest Dataset with our extensive dataset of legislative activities on immigration to examine how the number of marches that occurred in a representative’s district affected behavior on immigration legislation. We go beyond immigration roll call votes and explore other legislative behavior such as bill co-sponsorship and introduction. Our models incorporate the role of district demographics such as racial and ethnic composition, the race and ethnicity of the representative, and other member attributes such as party and seniority in addition to the protest measure. We supplement our quantitative analysis with case studies to study in detail how members with the most protests in their districts varied in additional legislative behavior such as lobbying other members of Congress, participating in marches, and support or withdrawal of support on immigration legislation. The findings have implications for the role of contentious politics in shaping legislative behavior and the power of the 2006 Immigrants right movement in influencing politics.
Experiencing Inequality but Not Seeing Class: An Examination of Latino Political Attitudes with Michael Jones- Correa
This paper begins by mapping the multiple dimensions of Latino inequality – including unequal outcomes in wealth and class, health, the criminal justice system, education, and political representation. Using survey data from the 2006 Latino National Survey (LNS) as well as the 2008 and 2012 waves of the American National Election Survey (ANES), this paper explores whether Latinos think of themselves in class terms; the degree to which there is a disjuncture between Latino respondents’ class as measured by income and their perceptions of their own class; and the relationship between Latinos' sense of belonging to an economic class and their attitudes toward economic inequality and the economy more generally. Our results indicate that a significant portion of Latinos—one in three—do not self-identify in class terms. In addition, there seems to be a disjuncture between Latinos' reported income and their identification with an economic class. Temporal events such as the recent economic recession greatly influence Latino attitudes toward the economy, but not their self-perceptions of belonging to a class. In short, while Latinos experience substantial inequality along a range of objective measures, this does not necessarily translate into self-identification with an economic class, and our findings suggest racial/ethnic identification may in fact directly compete with class identifications.